Math is built upon a logical structure of patterns, rules, and procedures. The use of basic rules and sequences of steps (algorithms) helps students compute math more effectively. Moreover, many rules and algorithms (such as the rule for multiplying by zero, steps for column addition, and the process for long division) are based upon numerical relationships and important math concepts. An understanding of rules and procedures in math fosters an understanding of mathematical concepts and the ability to solve problems with computation.

Necessary SubSkills Common Obstacles Helpful Tips
Student recognizes when a rule or procedure is called for in a problem. Student has trouble knowing if a rule or procedure is required to solve a problem. view
Student applies math rules correctly when computing or working through a problem. Student has trouble applying rules to solve a problem, such as the rules for borrowing or carrying. view
Student can learn and work with multi-step algorithms for computing. Student gets confused when working with algorithms that involve several steps, for example, when doing long division. view